Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, with a population of 8 million, is located in the Middle East covering some 89,342 sq km, sharing borders with Syria, Saudi Arabia, the Red Sea, Palestine, Israel and Iraq. Jordan became independent in 1946 and the name was changed to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on 1st December, 1948. It has an upper middle income economy with a per capita income over USD 6100.
Jordan is classified as a country of "high human development" by the 2010 Human Development Report. Furthermore, The Kingdom has been classified as an emerging market with a free market economy by the CIA World Fact Book. Jordan has Free Trade Agreement with USA and enjoys "advanced status" with the European Union.
Jordan has a "pro-Western" regime with very close relations with the United Kingdom and the United States. It is a founding member of the Arab League, the WTO, the AFESD, the Arab Parliament, the AIDMO, the AMF, the IMF, the International Criminal Court, the UNHRC, the GAFTA, the ESCWA, the ENP and the United Nations. Jordan is also currently undergoing close integration with the European Union and the Gulf Cooperation Council.
Jordan was not a major garment exporter one and a half decades ago. The QIZ agreement and Free Trade agreements boosted the industry and the annual export figures below 10 million climbed to 1.3 billion by 2005. Now the textile and apparel industry is one of Jordan's main industrial sectors. The sector gives employment to 60,000 people, according to the World Bank, and the apparel sector accounts for approximately 30 percent of export earnings.